Ancient Saar, Bahrain
Saar is a single-period Early Dilmun (late third and early second millennia BC) settlement, located on the northwest part of the island of Bahrain, near the center of the Persian Gulf. Dilmun was a trade partner between the ancient states of Meluhha (the Indus Valley civilizations of Pakistan and India) and Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). It is the first (and currently only) Early Dilmun settlement to have been investigated in any detail.
Saar is a well laid out settlement with a main street running up from the southeastern outskirts; a temple in the centre at the crossroads of the settlement; and two- and three-roomed buildings, constructed in rows with standard room plans and suites of domestic installations. The Saar Temple was believed to have played an important role in marking the summer solstice.
On the basis of pottery comparisons, the duration of the settlement is currently estimated to be about 250 years, from 2100 to 1850 BC.